A Belief and Belonging Paradox?

December 16, 2021

Americans with less formal education tend to express greater certainty about their belief in God. Fifty-nine percent of Americans without a college education say they are certain God exists. Only 44 percent of those with post-graduate education say the same, although they are slightly more likely to express certainty that God does not exist. Despite the fact that college graduates are more uncertain in their religious beliefs, they are actually more likely to belong to a church or congregation, a divide that has grown larger in recent years.

Survey Reports

An illustration of the side profiles of four people. From left to right: a young white man with blond hair, an older Black woman with short, curly Black hair, a young woman with tan skin and black hair with a blue streak, an older man with darker tan skin with curly grey hair and a mustache.

Daniel A. Cox, Beatrice Lee, Dana Popky
April 27, 2022

Politics, Sex, and Sexuality: The Growing Gender Divide in American Life

The March 2022 American Perspectives Survey examines the growing gender divide in American Life.

Daniel A. Cox
March 24, 2022

Generation Z and the Future of Faith in America

Data from the American National Family Life Survey paints a complicated picture of religious change and disaffiliation in the country today.

Daniel A. Cox
February 9, 2022

Emerging Trends and Enduring Patterns in American Family Life

The American National Family Life Survey examines the changing contours of American family life in the country today.

bridge between college graduates and those without a degree

Daniel A. Cox
December 13, 2021

The College Connection: The Education Divide in American Social and Community Life

The 2021 American Community Life Survey illuminates the growing social divide between Americans with college educations and those without.